History

Students gain a thorough understanding of history and its lessons through GW’s Department of History. The program’s proximity to and partnerships with the National Archives, the Folger Shakespeare Library, the National Security Archives and the Smithsonian museums make GW an ideal place to take on diverse fields of study, including early modern Europe, America since the Civil War, the international history of the Cold War, the history of colonialism and imperialism and modern East Asia. Students graduate with the knowledge and analytical tools necessary for success in a range of careers and professions.

Professors R. Thornton, P.F. Klarén, W.H. Becker (Chair), L.P. Ribuffo, E. Berkowitz, R.H. Spector, L.L. Peck, R.J. Cottrol, D.K. Kennedy, A.M. Black (Research), M.A. Atkin, T. Anbinder, H.L. Agnew, A.J. Hiltebeitel, E. Arnesen, J. Weissman Joselit, R.B. Stott, D. Silverman, A. Zimmerman, E.H. Cline, J. Hershberg

Associate Professors E.A. McCord,  D.R. Khoury, D. Yang, S. McHale, H.M. Harrison, N. Blyden, M. Norton, G.A. Brazinsky, K. Schultheiss, C. Klemek, S.N. Robinson, D. Schwartz, B. Hopkins, D. Cline

Assistant Professors A. Smith II, E. Chapman, C.T. Long, J. Kim, S. Miller, T. Christov, D. Brunsman, G. Childs, J. Krug

Adjunct Professors K. Bowling, A. Howard

Professorial Lecturer S. Wells

Post-Doctoral Fellow J. Shea

Explanation of Course Numbers

  • Courses in the 1000s are primarily introductory undergraduate courses
  • Those in the 2000–4000s are upper-division undergraduate courses that can also be taken for graduate credit with permission and additional work
  • Those in the 6000s and 8000s are for master’s, doctoral, and professional-level students
  • The 6000s are open to advanced undergraduate students with approval of the instructor and the dean or advising office

Course Accessibility: All listed undergraduate courses are open to students without history course prerequisites with the exception of HIST 3095 Internship, HIST 4098 Thesis Seminar, and HIST 4099 Senior Honors Thesis Tutorial.

HIST 1000. Dean's Seminar. 3 Credits.

HIST 1011. World History, 1500-Present. 3 Credits.

An introduction to world history over the past half millennium, stressing themes of exchange and integration, tracing the ways various peoples of the world became bound together in a common system.

HIST 1020. Women in Western Civilization. 3 Credits.

Exploration of critical periods of intellectual and cultural change in Western societies as influenced by and affecting women. Examination of images of women and of changing ideal types of femininity and masculinity. Aspects of law, religion, art, culture, work, and politics in relation to these topics. Same as WSTU 1020.

HIST 1110. European Civilization in Its World Context. 3 Credits.

Introduction to the history of Europe, emphasizing primary sources and their interpretation. From the beginning of written culture through 1715.

HIST 1120. European Civilization in Its World Context. 3 Credits.

Continuation of HIST 1110. Introduction to the history of Europe, emphasizing primary sources and their interpretation. From 1715 to the present.

HIST 1120W. European Civ in World Context. 3 Credits.

HIST 1121. The War of Ideas in European and International History, 1750–Present. 0-3 Credits.

The ideas that made people fight, from the French Revolution to the worldwide uprisings of the 1960s and beyond. Key texts whose ideas of freedom and slavery, tradition and progress, state authority and revolutionary violence changed the world. The political, economic, and social contexts and effects of these texts.

HIST 1310. Introduction to American History. 3 Credits.

The political, social, economic, and cultural history of the United States. From the earliest settlements to 1876.

HIST 1311. Introduction to American History. 3 Credits.

Continuation of HIST 1310. The political, social, economic, and cultural history of the United States. From 1876 to present.

HIST 2005. Majors’ Introductory Seminar. 0-3 Credits.

Required of history majors. Topics announced in the Schedule of Classes. Usually taken in the sophomore year. May not be repeated for credit.

HIST 2005W. Majors’ Introductory Seminar. 0-3 Credits.

HIST 2010. Early American Cultural History. 3 Credits.

How culture was important in the creation of the United States—in its origins as a colonial outpost and its expansion across the continent; in its hierarchies and expressions of power, especially as organized by race, class, ethnicity, or gender; in the creation of democracy and the valuing of free expression; and in the development of cities and the varied uses of the countryside. Same as AMST 2010.

HIST 2011. Modern American Cultural History. 3 Credits.

The effects of culture in the shaping of the United States since 1876. The role of the mass media; effects of cultural conceptions on the physical landscape; changing ideas of race, ethnicity, gender, and sexuality; and the political meanings of cultural conflict. Transnational influences on U.S. culture and effects of U.S. culture abroad. Same as AMST 2011.

HIST 2020. Washington, D.C.: History, Culture, and Politics. 0-3 Credits.

Introduction to interdisciplinary methods of studying the contemporary city. Major problems of metropolitan life, past and present, analyzed by faculty and community leaders. Emphasis on experiential team projects. Same as AMST 2020.

HIST 2020W. Washington, D.C.: History, Culture, and Politics. 0-3 Credits.

Introduction to interdisciplinary methods of studying the contemporary city. Major problems of metropolitan life, past and present, analyzed by faculty and community leaders. Emphasis on experiential team projects. Same as AMST 2020.

HIST 2105. Majors’ Introductory Seminar: Europe. 0-3 Credits.

HIST 2105W. Majors’ Introductory Seminar: Europe. 0-3 Credits.

HIST 2112. Early Aegean and Greek Civilizations to 338 B.C.. 3 Credits.

Neolithic background; Bronze Age—Minoan, Helladic, and Mycenaean civilizations; classical Greek civilization to the Macedonian conquest. Same as CLAS 2112.

HIST 2113. The Roman World to 337 A.D.. 3 Credits.

Prehistoric Italy; rise and decline of the Roman Empire and Latin civilization; cultural, social, and political developments in the Greek world under Roman rule. Same as CLAS 2113.

HIST 2124. 19th-Century Europe. 3 Credits.

Exploration of primary source documents and works of professional historians to introduce important issues of 19th-century European history.

HIST 2125. 20th-Century Europe. 3 Credits.

Diplomatic, political, and cultural developments from the turn of the century to the present.

HIST 2131. History of England Since 1689. 3 Credits.

Development of English civilization and its impact on Western culture.

HIST 2141. History of France Since 1814. 3 Credits.

Breaks and continuities in the succession of regimes; the interplay between revolution and tradition; the weakened international position of France; Gaullism and the survival of France; European Unity.

HIST 2160. History of Germany. 3 Credits.

Political, social, and cultural development.

HIST 2305. Majors' Introductory Seminar: United States. 0-3 Credits.

HIST 2305W. Majors’ Introductory Seminar: United States. 0-3 Credits.

HIST 2312. Civil War and Reconstruction. 3 Credits.

How tensions between the sections developed into violence, how a total war was fought on American soil, and how Reconstruction shaped the making of modern American politics and race relations.

HIST 2313. History of the American West. 3 Credits.

HIST 2320. U.S. Media and Cultural History. 3 Credits.

History and analysis of 20th-century U.S. media and culture, including the rise of consumer culture, film, and television. Racial, gendered, and national identities in the context of modernism, mass culture, and globalization. Same as AMST 2320.

HIST 2321. U.S. History, 1890-1945. 3 Credits.

Political, social, diplomatic, and intellectual developments, with particular emphasis on the “searching” ’20s and New Deal.

HIST 2322. U.S. History since 1945. 3 Credits.

Political, social, diplomatic, and intellectual developments, with particular emphasis on the Cold War, “silent” ’50s, and disrupted ’60s.

HIST 2340. US Diplomatic History. 3 Credits.

American foreign relations in the 20th century.

HIST 2340W. US Diplomatic History. 3 Credits.

American foreign relations in the 20th century.

HIST 2350. U.S. Religion and Politics. 3 Credits.

How religion and politics have influenced each other in the United States and how Americans have understood those influences. Religious violence; conflicts between faith and science; religious factors in racial and gender politics; and the separation of church and state. Same as AMST 2350.

HIST 2380. Sexuality in US Cultural Hist. 3 Credits.

Examination of the changing social organization and meaning of sexual practices and desires in American culture, with particular attention to the relationship between sexuality and gendered racial and class identities and politics. Same as AMST 2380/ WSTU 2380.

HIST 2410. 20th-Century U.S. Immigration. 3 Credits.

Survey of immigration policy and immigrants’ lives. How immigrants have changed the United States and how the United States has changed immigrants. Same as AMST 2410.

HIST 2440. The American City. 3 Credits.

An interdisciplinary introduction to the ethnic, cultural, political, and architectural landscape of the American city. Urban theory, race and ethnicity, urban history, planning and architecture, city politics, and cultural representations of the city. Same as AMST 2440.

HIST 2490. Themes in U.S. Cultural History. 3 Credits.

Topical examination of the ideas, values, and modes of expression that have made American life distinctive, as revealed through a cross-cultural or global perspective. Topic announced in the Schedule of Classes. May be repeated for credit provided the topic differs. Same as AMST 2490.

HIST 2505. Majors’ Introductory Seminar: Africa. 0-3 Credits.

HIST 2605. Majors' Introductory Seminar: Asia. 0-3 Credits.

HIST 2605W. Majors’ Introductory Seminar: Asia. 0-3 Credits.

HIST 2705. Majors² Introductory Seminar: Latin America. 0-3 Credits.

HIST 2705W. Majors’ Introductory Seminar: Latin America. 0-3 Credits.

HIST 2710. The United States in Global Context, 1898–Present. 0-3 Credits.

How the 20th- and 21st-century U.S. has been engaged globally, both politically and culturally, with attention to global culture, transnational ideas and social movements, foreign policy, and economic transformations. Same as AMST 2710.

HIST 2730. World War II in History and Memory. 0-3 Credits.

Examination of Americans’ histories and memories of World War II. Same as AMST 2730.

HIST 2730W. World War II History & Memory. 0-3 Credits.

Examination of Americans’ histories and memories of World War II. Same as AMST 2730.

HIST 2803. The Ancient Near East and Egypt to 322 B.C.. 3 Credits.

Survey of Egyptian, Mesopotamian, Anatolian, West Semitic, and Iranian civilizations from the Neolithic period to Alexander’s conquest. Same as CLAS 2803.

HIST 2804. History of Ancient Israel. 3 Credits.

The history of ancient Israel from the Patriarchs through the Romans. Topics include historical, archeological, political, social, cultural, religious, diplomatic, military, economic, and intellectual events, movements, and relationships. Same as CLAS 2804.

HIST 2805. Majors' Introductory Seminar: Middle East. 0-3 Credits.

HIST 2805W. Majors’ Introductory Seminar: Middle East. 3 Credits.

HIST 3001. Special Topics. 0-4 Credits.

May be repeated for credit provided the topic differs.

HIST 3001W. Special Topics. 0-4 Credits.

May be repeated for credit provided the topic differs.

HIST 3030. Military History to 1860. 3 Credits.

Causes, conduct, and consequences of warfare in the West. To 1860.

HIST 3031. Military History since 1860. 3 Credits.

Continuation of HIST 3030. Causes, conduct, and consequences of warfare in the West. Since 1861.

HIST 3033. War and the Military in American Society from the Revolution to the Gulf War. 3 Credits.

Social and psychological dimensions of war and military service.

HIST 3035. The United States and the Wars in Indochina, 1945–1975. 3 Credits.

The American role in the Indochina Wars, emphasizing the period 1961–1975, and from the perspectives of the Vietnamese, French, and Americans in Vietnam. Related intellectual and political developments in the United States; Cold War relationships with China and the Soviet Union.

HIST 3038. Naval History to 1815. 3 Credits.

The age of sail—to 1815.

HIST 3039. Naval History since 1815. 3 Credits.

Continuation of HIST 3038. The age of steam and steel—since 1815.

HIST 3045. International History of the Cold War. 3 Credits.

Key events and themes of the Cold War, drawing on new evidence from U.S., Soviet, Chinese, German, East European, Vietnamese, Cuban, and other sources. Related historiographical controversies from multiple national perspectives. Why the Cold War began, why it lasted for 45 years, and why it ended.

HIST 3046. The Cold War in the Third World. 3 Credits.

The evolution of the Cold War in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Decolonization and the response of the Great Powers, the political economy of the Third World, and American and Soviet interventions.

HIST 3047. Writing Cold War History. 3 Credits.

Seminar. Students prepare a research paper on selected topics in the history of the Cold War.

HIST 3047W. Writing Cold War History. 3 Credits.

Seminar. Students prepare a research paper on selected topics in the history of the Cold War.

HIST 3060. Modern Jewish History. 3 Credits.

A secular history of the Jewish people from the 18th century to the present state of Israel; emphasis on European and Middle Eastern political, economic, and cultural influences.

HIST 3061. The Holocaust. 3 Credits.

The origins, causes, and significance of the Nazi attempt to destroy European Jewry, within the context of European and Jewish history. Related themes include the behavior of perpetrators, victims, and bystanders; literary responses; contemporary implications of the Holocaust for religion and politics.

HIST 3095. Internship. 1-3 Credits.

Study of history through internships in museums, libraries, Congress, or other appropriate institutions and agencies. Prerequisite: approval of a departmental faculty member.

HIST 3097. Independent Study. 1-3 Credits.

Permission of instructor required.

HIST 3101. Topics: Europe. 0-3 Credits.

HIST 3101W. Topics: Europe. 3 Credits.

HIST 3103. European Intellectual History I. 3 Credits.

The “Century of Genius” and the Enlightenment; God, nature, man, and society, from Descartes to the French Revolution.

HIST 3104. European Intellectual History II. 3 Credits.

Continuation of HIST 3103. Responses to the French Revolution and the Enlightenment; historicism, evolution; nihilism, psychoanalysis; communism; fascism; existentialism, structuralism, postmodernism, and neo-orthodoxy.

HIST 3104W. European Intellectual History II. 3 Credits.

Continuation of HIST 3103. Responses to the French Revolution and the Enlightenment; historicism, evolution; nihilism, psychoanalysis; communism; fascism; existentialism, structuralism, postmodernism, and neo-orthodoxy.

HIST 3111. Topics in Ancient History. 3 Credits.

May be repeated for credit provided the topic differs. Same as CLAS 3111.

HIST 3118. The Middle Ages: 500–1500. 3 Credits.

The evolution of European society from the end of the Roman Empire to the Renaissance. The nature of political power, role of religion, place of gender, cultural production, and changing social structures.

HIST 3126. European Integration: A History. 3 Credits.

An examination of the origins and development of the European Union.

HIST 3130. History of England I. 3 Credits.

Development of English civilization and its impact on Western culture. To 1689.

HIST 3132. Tudor England. 3 Credits.

Aspects of the constitutional, social, intellectual, economic, and religious development of England, 1485-1603.

HIST 3132W. Tudor England. 3 Credits.

Aspects of the constitutional, social, intellectual, economic, and religious development of England, 1485–1603.

HIST 3134. Stuart England. 3 Credits.

The civil wars, Restoration, and Glorious Revolution. Political, religious, socioeconomic, and intellectual developments in England, 1603-1714.

HIST 3135. Victorian Britain. 3 Credits.

Major themes in 19th-century British history: industrialism, democratization, urbanization, imperial expansion, class and gender schisms.

HIST 3137. The British Empire. 3 Credits.

The British Empire from its rise in the 17th century to its demise in the 20th century.

HIST 3139. Twentieth Century Britain. 3 Credits.

Major themes of 20th-century British history: industrial decline, imperialism and decolonization, the making of a welfare state, the cataclysm of global war, integration with Europe.

HIST 3139W. 20th-Century Britain. 3 Credits.

Major themes of 20th-century British history: industrial decline, imperialism and decolonization, the making of a welfare state, the cataclysm of global war, integration with Europe.

HIST 3140. History of France I. 3 Credits.

Old Regime: monarchy and social classes; the Church; the Enlightenment; the 1789 revolution; Napoleon.

HIST 3140W. History of France to 1814. 3 Credits.

Old Regime: monarchy and social classes; the Church; the Enlightenment; the 1789 revolution; Napoleon.

HIST 3145. The French Revolution. 3 Credits.

Social, political, economic, and cultural history of the decade of revolution, 1789-1799. Attention to its structural consequences in France and in Europe at large.

HIST 3145W. The French Revolution. 3 Credits.

Social, political, economic, and cultural history of the decade of revolution, 1789–1799. Attention to its structural consequences in France and in Europe at large.

HIST 3150. Spain and Its Empire, 1492–1700. 3 Credits.

Major transformations of the period: from cultural pluralism to ethnic homogeneity, from medieval fragmentation to imperial expansion in Europe and America; from religious reform to Catholic Reformation, from global dominance to decline.

HIST 3168. The Two Germanys and the Cold War. 3 Credits.

Why was Germany divided after World War II? Why did it stay divided for 45 years? How was it reunited in 1990? This course examines developments in East and West Germany, relations between the two Germanys during the Cold War, their foreign policies, and how other countries treated them.

HIST 3173. The Habsburgs in East Central Europe. 3 Credits.

History of the Habsburg monarchy in its East Central European context. Reformation and Counter-Reformation; conflict with the Ottoman Empire; great-power competition in Europe; response to the Enlightenment and the French Revolution; the rise of nationalism; and final dissolution in World War I.

HIST 3173W. The Habsburgs in East Central Europe. 3 Credits.

History of the Habsburg monarchy in its East Central European context. Reformation and Counter-Reformation; conflict with the Ottoman Empire; great-power competition in Europe; response to the Enlightenment and the French Revolution; the rise of nationalism; and final dissolution in World War I.

HIST 3178. The Making of the Modern Balkans. 3 Credits.

States of the Balkan peninsula—Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia and Montenegro, Bosnia, Albania, Macedonia, Greece, Bulgaria, and Romania—including developments since the decline of the Ottoman Empire and the emergence of Balkan nationalist movements, and continuing through the collapse of the Soviet bloc.

HIST 3180. Russia to 1801. 3 Credits.

Survey of Russian history from the rise of the Kievan confederation in the ninth century to the establishment of Imperial Russia as a European great power. Attention will be given to the political, socioeconomic, and cultural history of the East Slavs, especially the Russians.

HIST 3181. Russia Since 1801. 3 Credits.

Survey of Russian and Soviet history from the reign of Alexander I to the Stalin era. Attention will be given to the contending forces of revolution, reform, and conservatism; diplomatic relations; economic development; and social change.

HIST 3301. Topics: U.S. History. 0-3 Credits.

HIST 3301W. Topics: U.S. History. 3 Credits.

HIST 3302. America before 1764. 3 Credits.

An examination of prehistory, colonization, and the shifting dynamics among European Americans, African Americans, and Native Americans before 1764.

HIST 3303. Revolutionary America. 3 Credits.

An examination of the War of Independence and other events that reshaped life for Native Americans, African Americans, and European Americans in the era of the American Revolution; emphasis on a continental approach to the period.

HIST 3304. George Washington and His World. 3 Credits.

George Washington’s life as soldier, politician, entrepreneur, slave holder, and national icon. Emphasis on the interpretation of original sources, including historical documents and the material culture of Washington’s Mount Vernon estate, with tours and lectures by curators and historians. Departmental permission is required for registration.

HIST 3311. The Jacksonian Era and the Rise of Mass Politics. 3 Credits.

The period 1828-1850 and its continuing significance to American society; emphasis on national politics and the emerging sectional conflict.

HIST 3311W. The Jacksonian Era and the Rise of Mass Politics. 3 Credits.

The period 1828–1850 and its continuing significance to American society; emphasis on national politics and the emerging sectional conflict.

HIST 3322. The Modern American Presidency. 3 Credits.

The development of the modern American presidency, from Theodore Roosevelt to Bill Clinton, examining the intersection of personal and impersonal forces in the creation of modern America.

HIST 3324. US Urban History. 3 Credits.

History of American urban life and culture from the colonial era to the present, focusing on transitions from pre-industrial to industrial and post-industrial forms. The social and spatial configuration of U.S. cities, and the urban politics of race, class, and gender. Same as AMST 3324.

HIST 3332. History of American Foreign Policy Since World War II. 3 Credits.

Emphasis on American and Soviet strategy and foreign policy in the era of the Cold War. World War II to the Vietnam .

HIST 3333. History of American Foreign Policy Since World War II. 3 Credits.

Continuation of HIST 3332. Emphasis on American and Soviet strategy and foreign policy in the era of the Cold War. Vietnam to the “New World Order.”.

HIST 3334. The Nuclear Arms Race. 3 Credits.

Political, military, diplomatic, scientific, and cultural consequences of the advent of nuclear weapons. The development and uses of the atomic bomb during World War II and the course and legacy of the U.S.-Soviet nuclear arms race during the Cold War.

HIST 3351. US Social History. 3 Credits.

The urban–industrial era from 1861 to present. Same as AMST 3351.

HIST 3352. Women in the United States I. 3 Credits.

Survey of women’s experience in U.S. history, the way gender has organized relations of power, and the impact of race, region, class, and ethnicity on women and on gender roles. Same as AMST 3352/ WSTU 3352.

HIST 3352W. Women in the United States I. 3 Credits.

Survey of women’s experience in U.S. history, the way gender has organized relations of power, and the impact of race, region, class, and ethnicity on women and on gender roles. Same as AMST 3352/ WSTU 3352.

HIST 3353. Women in the United States II. 3 Credits.

Continuation of HIST 3352. Survey of women’s experience in U.S. history, the way gender has organized relations of power, and the impact of race, region, class, and ethnicity on women and on gender roles. Same as AMST 3353/ WSTU 3353.

HIST 3356. Epidemics in American History. 3 Credits.

(Fall and summer).

HIST 3360. African-American History to 1865. 3 Credits.

Survey of the African American experience, emphasizing the contributions of black Americans to and their impact upon American history. Same as AMST 3360.

HIST 3361. African-American History Since 1865. 3 Credits.

Continuation of HIST 3360. Survey of the African American experience, emphasizing the contributions of black Americans to and their impact upon American history. Same as AMST 3361.

HIST 3362. Black Women in U.S. History. 3 Credits.

Black Women from the Middle Passage to contemporary times. Same as AMST 3362/ WSTU 3362.

HIST 3362W. Black Women in U.S. History. 3 Credits.

Black Women from the Middle Passage to contemporary times. Same as AMST 3362/ WSTU 3362.

HIST 3363. Race, Medicine & Public Health. 3 Credits.

Issues of race, medicine, and public health. (Fall and spring).

HIST 3366. Immigration, Ethnicity, and the American Experience. 3 Credits.

Examination of the role of immigration, ethnicity, and ethnic conflict in Amer ican life, with particular attention to the urban immigrant experience from 1820 to 1924.

HIST 3366W. Immigration, Ethnicity, and the American Experience. 3 Credits.

Examination of the role of immigration, ethnicity, and ethnic conflict in Amer ican life, with particular attention to the urban immigrant experience from 1820 to 1924.

HIST 3367. History of the Jewish People in America. 3 Credits.

The study of the Jewish minority in America from colonial times to the present. Emphasis on the interaction between a powerful majority culture and that of protean minority people.

HIST 3370. US Constitutional History. 3 Credits.

Examination of the text and interpretation of the document that is the foundation of the American government, with special attention to the changing character of race and gender as constitutional classes.

HIST 3501. Topics: Africa. 0-3 Credits.

A survey of African history from 1880 to the present.

HIST 3510. African History to 1880. 3 Credits.

Survey of the history of the African continent with emphasis on the history of sub-Sahara Africa.

HIST 3520. Africans in the Making of the Atlantic World. 3 Credits.

The role of Africa and Africans in the Atlantic world with emphasis on links between Africa, Europe, and the Americas.

HIST 3530. Women in Africa. 3 Credits.

African women from prehistory to the present, focusing on culture, the role of gender, and outside influences and their impact on women’s history. Same as WSTU 3530.

HIST 3530W. Women in Africa. 3 Credits.

African women from prehistory to the present, focusing on culture, the role of gender, and outside influences and their impact on women’s history. Same as WSTU 3530.

HIST 3540. West Africa to Independence. 3 Credits.

A thematic survey of West African history, focusing on the diversity of African culture, West African kingdoms and empires, Islam, the trans-Saharan trade, African contact with Europe, slavery and the slave trade, and the colonization of Africa.

HIST 3601. Topics: Asian History. 0-3 Credits.

HIST 3610. China to 1800. 3 Credits.

Survey of Chinese civilization from its ancient beginnings to the last imperial dynasty.

HIST 3611. History of Modern China. 3 Credits.

China since 1840, with particular attention to political developments.

HIST 3614. Writing Modern Chinese History. 3 Credits.

Seminar. Students prepare a research paper on selected topics in the history of modern China.

HIST 3614W. Writing Modern Chinese History. 3 Credits.

Seminar. Students prepare a research paper on selected topics in the history of modern China.

HIST 3615. History of Chinese Communism. 3 Credits.

Survey of the leadership, ideology, structure, and foreign and domestic policies of the Chinese Communist Party from its inception to the present.

HIST 3621. History of Modern Japan. 3 Credits.

Japan’s century of modernization-from the Meiji Restoration of 1868 to the present. Emphasis on historical, political, economic, and cultural factors.

HIST 3630. History of Korea. 3 Credits.

An introduction to the history and culture of Korea from antiquity to the present.

HIST 3631. History of Modern Korea. 3 Credits.

Modern Korean history from 1876 to contemporary society. Emphasis on colonialism, nationalism, the division of peninsula, the Cold War, and globalization.

HIST 3640. History of Southeast Asia. 3 Credits.

An examination of Vietnam and its neighbors from the pre-colonial period to the present.

HIST 3650. Modern South Asia, 1750Present. 3 Credits.

The South Asian subcontinent, including Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh, since the mid-18th century. The period of British rule, from the late 18th to the mid-20th century. The different trajectories of the independent nation-states of South Asia following decolonization.

HIST 3701. Topics in Latin American History. 0-3 Credits.

HIST 3710. History of Latin America I. 3 Credits.

Analysis of Spanish and Portuguese imperialism in the New World, 1492–1820.

HIST 3711. History of Latin America II. 3 Credits.

Continuation of HIST 3710. A problems approach to Latin America, 1820 to the present; thematic emphasis on neocolonialism, corporatism, liberalism, caudillismo, modernization, populism, and revolution.

HIST 3801. Topics in Middle Eastern History. 0-3 Credits.

HIST 3810. History of the Middle East to 1800. 3 Credits.

Byzantine, Arab, Persian, and Islamic backgrounds; rise and decline of the Ottoman Empire; action of European powers in the area; Ottoman breakup into the Turkish Republic and other states.

HIST 3811. The Middle East in the 20th Century. 0-3 Credits.

The state system established after World War I. Effects of colonialism, the rise of nationalism, the Cold War, and the oil industry. The modes of identification that accompanied these processes, including pan-Arabism and Islamism.

HIST 3811W. Middle East in 20th Century. 0-3 Credits.

The state system established after World War I. Effects of colonialism, the rise of nationalism, the Cold War, and the oil industry. The modes of identification that accompanied these processes, including pan-Arabism and Islamism.

HIST 3820. The History of Israel. 3 Credits.

A history of Israel from the origins of Zionism and the British Mandate through the Oslo Accord and its legacy.

HIST 3820W. The History of Israel. 3 Credits.

A history of Israel from the origins of Zionism and the British Mandate through the Oslo Accord and its legacy.

HIST 3830. History of Iraq. 3 Credits.

Modern Iraq’s Ottoman background; its incorporation into a world market dominated by Europe, British influence and preconceptions in the creation of Iraq, and the emergence and survival of the Ba’ath dictatorship. Reforms in economic, political, and educational spheres.

HIST 3840. History of Central Asia. 3 Credits.

Introduction to the political, cultural, religious, and social history of the region, including Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.

HIST 3850. Modern Iran. 3 Credits.

Political, diplomatic, religious, and other developments in Iran from about 1800 to 1989.

HIST 4098. Thesis Seminar. 3 Credits.

For history majors only. Preparation of a research paper using primary sources.

HIST 4098W. Thesis Seminar. 3 Credits.

For history majors only. Preparation of a research paper using primary sources.

HIST 4099. Senior Honors Thesis Tutorial. 3 Credits.

Required of and open only to undergraduate honors candidates in history. Prerequisite: permission of the thesis director must be obtained the semester before registration.

HIST 4099W. Senior Honors Thesis Tutorial. 3 Credits.

Required of and open only to undergraduate honors candidates in history. Prerequisite: permission of the thesis director must be obtained the semester before registration.

HIST 4135. Folger Seminar. 3 Credits.

The history of books and early modern culture. Use of the archive at the Folger Shakespeare Library. Students must obtain departmental approval in the preceding semester. Same as ENGL 4135/ FREN 4135.

HIST 5701W. Selected Topics. 0-4 Credits.

HIST 6001. Special Topics. 3-9 Credits.

Open to doctoral and master’s candidates and qualified undergraduates. May be repeated for credit provided the topic differs.

HIST 6005. History and Historians. 3 Credits.

Historiography and historical method for graduate students. Readings and discussions on major trends in history; selections from classics of historical literature.

HIST 6006. Teaching History. 3 Credits.

Pedagogic techniques and strategies particular to the discipline. Admission by permission of instructor.

HIST 6011. Rdg/Rsch:History/Public Policy. 3 Credits.

Seminar in the use of historical insights and methods in policymaking, with emphasis on domestic issues. Assessment and use of primary sources for policy analysis and the use of historical analogy in policy formulation.

HIST 6012. Internship in History and Public Policy. 3,6 Credits.

Supervised participation in an office or agency concerned with the formulation of public policy; terms of the internship are arranged with the director of the history and public policy program. Enrollment restricted to students in the history and public policy program.

HIST 6030. Uses of History in International Affairs. 3 Credits.

The multiple interconnections among history, politics, and international affairs, including how policymakers use or misuse “lessons” of history and how countries attempt to deal with difficult aspects of their past. Specific cases may vary.

HIST 6031. History of International Economic Systems. 3 Credits.

Development of arrangements and institutions designed to manage the international economy since the 19th century, with a focus on the period since World War II.

HIST 6032. Rdg/Rsch Sem:Strategy & Policy. 3 Credits.

A study of the historical development of strategy and the relationship of military thought to national policy.

HIST 6040. Topics in Modern Military and Naval History. 3 Credits.

Discussion, readings, and research in 20th-century European and American military and naval history.

HIST 6041. The Age of the Battleship: An Introduction to Modern Naval History. 3 Credits.

The rich and varied literature of naval history, with emphasis on interactions among technology, nationalism, and domestic political/social developments in the late 19th and early 20th century. The social history of navies is included.

HIST 6042. Seminar: World War II. 3 Credits.

Examination of statecraft and the management of force before, during, and after World War II. Special attention to broad aspects of military policy and strategy and their interaction with international politics and diplomacy.

HIST 6050. Modernization, Imperialism, Globalization. 3 Credits.

Readings seminar in classic and recent theories of modernization, imperialism, and globalization.

HIST 6051. Re-thinking Cold War History. 3 Credits.

A reading and research course that relies heavily on documents from formerly closed communist archives and recently declassified Western materials. Various issues and events of the Cold War; old and new historiographical controversies. Students write a primary-source research paper to elucidate one of the many aspects of the Cold War about which new evidence is available.

HIST 6097. Independent Readings/Research. 3 Credits.

Written permission of instructor required. May be repeated for credit with permission.

HIST 6101. Topics: Europe. 3 Credits.

HIST 6105. Sem:European Intellectual Hist. 3 Credits.

Topics in 18th- and 19th-century European thought, with an emphasis on France. Specific topic announced in the Schedule of Classes.

HIST 6120. Sem:Early Modern European Hist. 3 Credits.

Topics selected from Western European history of the 14th through 17th centuries.

HIST 6121. Rdg/Rsch Sem:Mod European Hist. 3 Credits.

HIST 6122. Rdg/Rsrch Sem:20th C History. 3 Credits.

Research or readings on selected topics.

HIST 6128. Europe and the World, 1500–Present. 3 Credits.

An introduction to some of the key debates and scholarship concerning European imperialism.

HIST 6130. Early Modern Britain. 3 Credits.

Analysis of some current issues in early modern historiography; contextualization of recent works in the field; consideration of different methodologies and the types of evidence on which they rely or that they illuminate.

HIST 6133. English People and Institutions. 3 Credits.

Selected topics in the political, social, intellectual, and economic history of England. Focus upon one time period and special area of interest. May be taken for research credit with instructor’s approval.

HIST 6135. British Imperialism. 3 Credits.

Research seminar. Major debates and schools of thought on the history of British imperialism.

HIST 6138. Folger Institute Seminars I. 3 Credits.

Topics announced in the Schedule of Classes. May be repeated for credit provided the topic differs. Consult the chair of the department before registration.

HIST 6139. Folger Institute Seminars II. 3 Credits.

Continuation of HIST 6138. Topics announced in the Schedule of Classes. May be repeated for credit provided the topic differs. Consult the chair of the department before registration.

HIST 6170. Eastern European History I. 3 Credits.

1772–1918.

HIST 6171. Eastern European History II. 3 Credits.

Continuation of HIST 6170. 1919–1945.

HIST 6180. History of Modern Russia and the Soviet Union. 3 Credits.

Selected topics in the domestic history of modern Russia and Soviet Union. May be taken as a readings seminar or, with instructor’s approval, as a research seminar.

HIST 6181. Research Seminar: Russian and Soviet Empires. 3 Credits.

HIST 6185. Sem: Russian & Soviet Thought. 3 Credits.

Selected topics in the intellectual and cultural history of 18th- to 20th-century Russia and Soviet Union. May be taken as a readings seminar or, with instructor’s approval, as a research seminar. Admission by permission of instructor.

HIST 6188. Soviet Foreign Policy, 1917–1991. 3 Credits.

Concepts and perceptions guiding Soviet relations with the outside world. From the blockade and intervention, through years of isolation, World War II, the Cold War, to “peaceful coexistence.”.

HIST 6301. Topics: U.S. History. 3 Credits.

HIST 6302. Colonial North America. 3 Credits.

The complex and turbulent world of colonial North America from the late 16th to the late 18th century. Inter-cultural negotiations, Atlantic world connections, imperial conflict, gender construction, and race consciousness.

HIST 6303. Revolutionary America. 3 Credits.

The political and social conditions of the revolutionary era: the spiral of events that led to the American independence movement, the various meanings of the war to its participants, and the consequences of victory for the nation, its various subgroups, and other peoples of the colonial Atlantic world.

HIST 6304. American Indian History to 1890. 3 Credits.

North American Indian history from indigenous societies on the eve of first contact with Europeans until the conclusion of the Great Plains Wars of the late 19th century.

HIST 6310. Readings in 19th-Century American History. 3 Credits.

Important trends in historical writing about 19th-century America.

HIST 6311. The Era of the Civil War, 1850–1877. 3 Credits.

The sectional crisis that led to the Civil War; the conflict itself in its military, political, and social dimensions; attempts at racial and sectional reconciliation made during Reconstruction.

HIST 6312. The Law of Race and Slavery. 3 Credits.

The role of legal norms and processes in developing patterns of slavery and race relations in the United States and other societies. Admission by permission of instructor. Same as SOC 6286 and LAW 6596.

HIST 6320. Readings/Research Seminar: Recent U.S. History. 3 Credits.

Prerequisite: 6 credit hours of upper-level undergraduate American history courses. Research or readings, depending on students’ interests and curricular needs.

HIST 6321. Readings/Research Seminar: Recent U.S. History. 3 Credits.

Continuation of HIST 6320. Prerequisite: 6 credit hours of upper-level undergraduate American history courses. Research or readings, depending on students’ interests and curricular needs.

HIST 6322. American Business History. 3 Credits.

The history of American business institutions in manufacturing, distribution, transportation, and finance. Particular attention will be given to the period since industrialization, with consideration of business institutions in their economic, legal, governmental, and social contexts. Same as SMPP 6293.

HIST 6330. Modern U.S. Foreign Policy. 3 Credits.

Readings, lectures, discussion on major developments in the conduct of American diplomacy from 1898 to 9/11.   (Fall).

HIST 6350. American Social Thought Since World War II. 3 Credits.

Consideration of C. Wright Mills, Daniel Bell, Abraham Maslow, Christopher Lasch, Paul Goodman, Martin Luther King, Jr., Barbara Ehrenreich, and other major social critics.

HIST 6360. Immigration and Ethnicity in the United States. 3 Credits.

Trends and theoretical issues in the study of American immigration and ethnicity.

HIST 6370. US Legal History. 3 Credits.

The legal history of the United States from the 17th century to the present. The course examines legal change within the broader context of political, social, and economic change. Admission by permission of instructor. Same as LAW 6591.

HIST 6410. Readings in American Cultural History. 3 Credits.

Studies in the cultural history of the United States, focusing on major historiographic debates and interventions. Examples of possible topics include cultural contact, the public sphere, and systems of religious and political belief. Same as AMST 6410.

HIST 6420. Religion & American Culture. 3 Credits.

Interdisciplinary analysis of religious beliefs, practices, and representations in the United States, as well as intersections of the religious and the secular. Relationships of religion to race, gender, capitalism, science, mass media, and material culture. Same as AMST 6420.

HIST 6430. Gender, Sexuality, and American Culture. 3 Credits.

The changing social organization, cultural representation, and meaning of gender and sexuality in the United States, with emphasis on their relationship to race, class, region, nationality, empire, and globalization. Pre-Columbian settlement to 1876. Same as AMST 6430/ WSTU 6430.

HIST 6431. Gender, Sexuality, and American Culture. 3 Credits.

Continuation of HIST 6430. The changing social organization, cultural representation, and meaning of gender and sexuality in the United States, with emphasis on their relationship to race, class, region, nationality, empire, and globalization. 1877 to present. Same as AMST 6431/WSTU 6431.

HIST 6435. Readings on Women in American History. 3 Credits.

Important works in American women’s history; evolution of the field in historiographical context. Same as AMST 6435/WSTU 6435.

HIST 6450. Race in America. 3 Credits.

Interdisciplinary analysis of the history of race and its changing political, social, and cultural meanings in the United States. Transnational racial formations, struggles for and against civil rights, multiracialism, and interracialism. Same as AMST 6450.

HIST 6455. American Social Movements. 3 Credits.

The history of social movements in the United States, with emphasis on civil rights, feminism, conservatism, and labor in local, national, and transnational contexts; the historical rise and fall of these movements and their larger impact on American life. Same as AMST 6455.

HIST 6470. Cityscapes. 3 Credits.

Interdisciplinary examination of the American city, including urban theory, history, planning, architecture, urban politics, and cultural representations of the city. Same as AMST 6470.

HIST 6475. US Urban History. 3 Credits.

History of American urban life and culture from the Colonial era to the present, focusing on the transitions from pre-industrial to industrial and post-industrial forms, the social and spatial configuration of U.S. cities, and the urban politics of race, class, and gender. Same as AMST 6475.

HIST 6480. Theory and Practice of Public History. 3 Credits.

Theoretical and practical dimensions of public history, as illustrated by recent controversies surrounding public exhibitions and debates on revisionist history as well as more traditional means of presenting the past in public forums. Same as AMST 6480.

HIST 6495. Historic Preservation: Principles and Methods. 3 Credits.

The scope and purpose of the preservation movement in the United States, with focus on developments since the 1960s. Preservation theories, attitudes toward the past and toward design, the intent and impact of legislation, approaches to documentation, the concept of significance, and preservation as an instrument of change. Same as AMST 6495.

HIST 6496. Historic Preservation: Principles and Methods. 3 Credits.

Continuation of HIST 6495. The scope and purpose of the preservation movement in the United States, with focus on developments since the 1960s. Preservation theories, attitudes toward the past and toward design, the intent and impact of legislation, approaches to documentation, the concept of significance, and preservation as an instrument of change. Same as AMST 6496.

HIST 6501. Topics: Africa. 3 Credits.

HIST 6502. Western Representations of Africa. 3 Credits.

Representations of Africa by non-Africans from the earliest contact to more recent encounters.

HIST 6601. Topics: Asian History. 3 Credits.

HIST 6602. Asia: History, Memory, and Violence. 3 Credits.

Violence has been a defining experience for many of the populations and polities of Asia over the past century and a half. Focusing on the themes of violence and historical memory, the course takes a comparative approach, looking at how these issues have played out in different arenas throughout East, Southeast, and South Asia. (Spring).

HIST 6610. Readings Seminar: Late Imperial China. 3 Credits.

Selected topics in the history of modern China in the late imperial period, with a particular focus on the internal and external challenges to the last Chinese dynasty in the 19th century.

HIST 6611. Readings Seminar: 20th-Century China. 3 Credits.

Selected topics in the history of modern China from the 1911 Revolution to the Cultural Revolution.

HIST 6621. Readings Seminar: Modern Japanese History. 3 Credits.

Selected topics in modern Japanese history from the Meiji Restoration of 1868 to the present. Research or readings depending on students' interests and curricular needs. (Fall).

HIST 6625. Japan’s Empire and Its Legacies. 3 Credits.

The history of Japanese imperialism, focusing on colonial modernity, resistance and collaboration, politics of memory, and historical reconciliation.

HIST 6630. Spec Topics in Korean History. 3 Credits.

Intensive exploration of the history of Korea in modern times (1850–present). Korean identity and the challenges of foreign imperialism, industrialization, modernization, and globalization.

HIST 6641. Modern Southeast Asia. 3 Credits.

The modern history of Southeast Asia from the 1800s to 1975. Colonialism, rise of postcolonial states, revolutions and persistence of the past.

HIST 6701. Topics in Latin American History. 3 Credits.

HIST 6801. Topics in Middle Eastern History. 3 Credits.

HIST 6811. Rsearch Sem:Modern Middle East. 3 Credits.

Readings, discussion, and research in selected political, economic, social, cultural, and intellectual trends.

HIST 6821. Islam and Social Movements. 3 Credits.

An examination of the relationship of religion and religious symbols to social and political movements in the Islamic world.

HIST 6822. Nationalism in the Middle East. 3 Credits.

Different interpretations of nationalism and their applicability to nationalism in the Middle East.

HIST 6823. Imperialism in the Middle East. 3 Credits.

An exploration of the process of European and American expansion in the Middle East.

HIST 6824. Rdg/RsrchSem: Modern Iran. 3 Credits.

HIST 6998. Thesis Research. 3 Credits.

HIST 6999. Thesis Research. 3 Credits.

HIST 8998. Advanced Reading & Research. 1-12 Credits.

Limited to students preparing for the Doctor of Philosophy general examination. May be repeated for credit.

HIST 8999. Dissertation Research. 3-12 Credits.

Limited to Doctor of Philosophy candidates. May be repeated for credit.