Anthropology

GW’s Anthropology program includes four concentrations. Biological anthropology explores human evolution, anatomy and primatology. Sociocultural anthropology examines the role culture plays in shaping human action. Linguistic anthropology considers the role of language in human thought. And archaeology examines both human origins and more recent issues of state formation and urbanization. In our teaching and research, we collaborate with the Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of Natural History, as well as departments within the university.

University Professor B. Wood

Professors A.S. Brooks, J.C. Kuipers, B.D. Miller, R.R. Grinker (Chair), E.H. Cline

Associate Professors M. Edberg, B.G. Richmond, S.C. Lubkemann, C. Sherwood, A.S. Dent, J. Blomster, I. Feldman, R. Bobe

Assistant Professors R. Shepherd, E. Uretsky, S.C. McFarlin, C.M. Murray, A. Ahmad, S.E. Wagner, D.R. Braun

Professorial Lecturers P.J. Cressey, D.H. Ubelaker, J. Love, S. Johnston, M. Merritt, J. Donaldson, D. Hunt

Explanation of Course Numbers

  • Courses in the 1000s are primarily introductory undergraduate courses
  • Those in the 2000–4000s are upper-division undergraduate courses that can also be taken for graduate credit with permission and additional work
  • Those in the 6000s and 8000s are for master’s, doctoral, and professional-level students
  • The 6000s are open to advanced undergraduate students with approval of the instructor and the dean or advising office

ANTH 1000. Dean's Seminar. 3 Credits.

ANTH 1001. Biological Anthropology. 0-4 Credits.

Survey of human evolution, genetics and physical variation, and primatology. Regular laboratory exercises. Laboratory fee.    (Fall and spring).

ANTH 1002. Sociocultural Anthropology. 3 Credits.

Survey of the world’s cultures, illustrating the principles of cultural behavior.    (Fall and spring).

ANTH 1002W. Sociocultural Anthropology. 3 Credits.

Survey of the world’s cultures, illustrating the principles of cultural behavior.

ANTH 1003. Archaeology. 0-3 Credits.

Introduction to archaeological survey and excavation techniques and laboratory methods of dating and analysis. Brief history of archaeology and survey of world prehistory. Films and laboratory exercises.    (Fall and spring).

ANTH 1004. Language in Culture and Society. 3 Credits.

Comparison and analysis of how cultures use language to communicate. The relationship of language to issues of human nature, gender, race, class, artistic expression, and power. Laboratory fee.    (Spring and summer).

ANTH 1005. The Biological Bases of Human Behavior. 4 Credits.

Human behavior from an evolutionary perspective, including issues such as communication, intelligence, reproductive behavior, parental behavior, aggression, and cooperation, and drawing on an understanding of the behavior and biology of the nonhuman primates. Laboratory fee.

ANTH 2008. Foundations of Anthropological Thought. 3 Credits.

The development of anthropological thought in historical context. Exploration of selected basic concepts and theories of contemporary anthropology. To be taken in the junior or senior year. Prerequisite: ANTH 1002.

ANTH 2008W. Foundations of Anthropology. 3 Credits.

The development of anthropological thought in historical context. Exploration of selected basic concepts and theories of contemporary anthropology. To be taken in the junior or senior year. Prerequisites: ANTH 1002 or ANTH 1002W.   (Fall).

ANTH 2501. The Anthropology of Gender: Cross-Cultural Perspectives. 3 Credits.

Anthropological representations of gender relations in “other” cultures have provided important case material for feminist theorizing of sex differences and gender roles and statuses. How a cross-cultural approach can inform our understanding of gender. Same as WSTU 2121.

ANTH 2502. Anthropology of Science and Technology: 21st-Century Brave New Worlds. 3 Credits.

The relationship between science and society, with consideration of how scientific knowledge and emergent technologies affect our lives, identities, social relations, and material conditions. The sociopolitical context in which scientific knowledge is produced and the ethnographic study of biotechnology, especially genetics and its various applications.   (Fall, even years).

ANTH 2505. Introduction to Ethnomusicology. 3 Credits.

Models of understanding music as a cultural endeavor. Application and critique of models in the design and execution of student independent field research. Same as MUS 2105. Prerequisite: MUS 1101 or ANTH 1002 or ANTH 1004 or permission of instructor.

ANTH 2506. Religion, Myth, and Magic. 3 Credits.

Theories of religion developed by anthropologists; survey of world religions with emphasis on non-Western societies; religious process and change. (Same as REL 3506)   (Fall).

ANTH 2533. Material Culture in America. 3 Credits.

Review and analysis of the cultural messages embedded in our material surroundings. Consideration of a range of humanly created artifacts, ranging from specific objects to vast landscapes. Same as AMST 2533.

ANTH 2750. Latinos in the United States. 0-3 Credits.

ANTH 2750W. Latinos in the United States. 0-3 Credits.

Exploration of the term Latino and its impact on discussions of race, identity, and citizenship expectations throughout U.S. history. How geographic, linguistic, aesthetic, political, and economic factors construct Latino identity and influence policymaking and international relations. Same as AMST 2750.

ANTH 3401. Human Functional Anatomy. 3 Credits.

The anatomy of the human body, how it works, and how it differs from other animals, especially other primates. Principles and approaches of functional morphology and biomechanics and how function can be reconstructed from fossils, with special focus on the musculoskeletal system. No prior knowledge of anatomy is required. Laboratory fee. Prerequisite: ANTH 1001.

ANTH 3402. Human Evolutionary Anatomy. 3 Credits.

The structure and function of human anatomy, as compared to our closest relatives, the great apes. Using this comparative approach, the course investigates the fossil record of human evolution, with an emphasis on reconstructing relationships, function, behavior, and adaptation in fossil hominins. Prerequisite: ANTH 1001.

ANTH 3403. Forensic Anthropology Laboratory. 2 Credits.

Identification of human skeletal remains by body part, age, sex, race, and individual disease or trauma history; study of skeletal variation in modern and recent populations. Taught at the Smithsonian. Corequisite: ANTH 3404.    (Spring).

ANTH 3404. Human Variation. 1 Credit.

An overview of human variation, with special emphasis on the skeleton. Includes history of physical anthropology, individual and population variations, archaeological recovery of human remains, paleodemography, growth, paleopathology, and forensic anthropology. Prerequisite: ANTH 1001; corequisite for undergraduates: ANTH 3403.

ANTH 3405. Human Growth and Development. 3 Credits.

Modern human growth and development considered through an evolutionary perspective. The growth stages and life cycles of modern humans, emphasizing physiological and environmental influences and comparisons with extant non-human primates and fossil hominids. Prerequisite: ANTH 1001. Laboratory fee.

ANTH 3406. Advanced Human Osteology. 3 Credits.

Advanced techniques in determination of age, sex, ancestry, and pathological conditions using the skeleton. Taught at the Smithsonian. Prerequisite: ANTH 3403, ANTH 3404.

ANTH 3408. The Evolution of Human Families. 3 Credits.

Human parental behavior considered from an evolutionary perspective, including parental care among mammals, concepts of parental investment, and parent-offspring conflict. Focus on parenting in the human lineage from early hominins to hunter-gatherers to the modern context. Prerequisites: ANTH 1001.   (Spring, odd years).

ANTH 3411. Primatology. 3 Credits.

Physical and behavioral characteristics of the various primate groups and their relationship to human physical and cultural evolution. Prerequisite: ANTH 1001.

ANTH 3412. Hominin Evolution. 3 Credits.

The fossil record of human evolution, including its context. Review of the fossil evidence that concentrates on the distinctive features of each taxon. Pleistocene remains. Laboratory fee. Prerequisite: ANTH 1001.

ANTH 3412W. Hominin Evolution. 3 Credits.

The fossil record of human evolution, including its context. Review of the fossil evidence that concentrates on the distinctive features of each taxon. Pleistocene remains. Laboratory fee. Prerequisite: ANTH 1001.

ANTH 3413. Evolution of the Human Brain. 3 Credits.

Examination of how the human brain is unique in comparison to other animals, with an emphasis on understanding our species’ distinctive neurobiology in terms of the evolution of cognitive abilities such as language, social comprehension, tool making, and abstract thinking.

ANTH 3491. Topics in Biological Anthropology. 3 Credits.

Topic announced in the Schedule of Classes. Instructors will be drawn from GW faculty and Smithsonian Institution staff. May be repeated for credit if topic varies. Prerequisite: ANTH 1001.

ANTH 3501. Anthropology of Development. 3 Credits.

The impact of the world economy on nonindustrial societies. Analysis of the role of anthropology in international development programs aimed at alleviating problems in the Third World. Prerequisites: ANTH 1002 or ANTH 1002W.   (Fall and spring).

ANTH 3502. Cultural Ecology. 3 Credits.

Basic principles of cultural ecology. Human interaction with the ecosystem both past and present; emphasis on the application of anthropological precepts to current environmental problems. Prerequisites: ANTH 1002 or ANTH 1002W or ANTH 1004 or ANTH 1004W or permission of instructor.   (Fall).

ANTH 3503. Psychological Anthropology. 3 Credits.

The cross-cultural study of the relationship between culture and personality. Topics include emotion, conceptions of the self, mental health and illness, sexuality, marriage and parenting, and cognition. Psychobiological, cultural, ecological, and psychoanalytical theories are examined. Prerequisite: ANTH 1002 or permission of instructor.

ANTH 3504. Illness, Healing, and Culture. 3 Credits.

Introduction to medical anthropology. What the record of human evolution and prehistory tells about human health; the epidemiology of health and illness; how different cultures define disease; understanding illness and healing systems cross-culturally; and the role of medical anthropology in health care and international development. Prerequisite: ANTH 1002 or permission of instructor.

ANTH 3506. Politics, Ethnicity, and Nationalism. 3 Credits.

Comparative analysis of political systems; political processes, such as factionalism, styles of leadership, political ritual. Prerequisite: ANTH 1002 or permission of instructor.

ANTH 3507. Kinship, Family, and Community. 3 Credits.

Cross-cultural analysis of how people form, maintain, and transform social groups and boundaries. Focus on how communities such as family, ethnic group, and nation are defined in moral terms. Prerequisite: ANTH 1002 or permission of instructor.

ANTH 3508. Art and Culture. 3 Credits.

The role of art in culture, with emphasis on small-scale societies; influences upon the artist, and beliefs and practices associated with art production. Prerequisite: ANTH 1002 or permission of instructor.

ANTH 3513. Anthropology of Human Rights. 3 Credits.

Issues of basic human rights and their violation by different cultures, states, and organizations. Genocide, ecocide, abuses on the basis of ethnicity, religion, or similar factors, and the treatment of those seeking asylum. Rights of informants and groups studied in anthropological research. Prerequisites: ANTH 1002 or ANTH 1002W.   (Fall and spring).

ANTH 3513W. Anthropology of Human Rights. 3 Credits.

Issues of basic human rights and their violation by different cultures, states, and organizations. Genocide, ecocide, abuses on the basis of ethnicity, religion, or similar factors, and the treatment of those seeking asylum. Rights of informants and groups studied in anthropological research. Prerequisites: ANTH 1002 or ANTH 1002W.   (Fall and spring).

ANTH 3521. Ethnographic Film. 3 Credits.

Still and motion-picture photography as an integral aspect of anthropological research. A study of recent and historic ethnographic films and an introduction to the forms and methods of making visual ethnographic records. Material fee. Prerequisites: ANTH 1002 or ANTH 1002W or permission of instructor.   (Fall, odd years).

ANTH 3531. Methods in Sociocultural Anthropology. 3 Credits.

Approaches to field research. Conceptual bases and biases in the delineation of problems and in the selection, analysis, and organization of data. Students design and carry out their own field projects in the Washington area. Prerequisite: ANTH 1002.

ANTH 3601. Language, Culture, and Cognition. 3 Credits.

The role of language and culture in the organization of human experience. Beginning with debates about linguistic relativity, the course explores the way language use shapes cognition and practice in a variety of cultures and social contexts. Same as LING 3601. Prerequisite: ANTH 1004. Laboratory fee.

ANTH 3602. Ethnographic Analysis of Speech. 3 Credits.

Linguistic variation and change in discourse practices; social and political correlates of linguistic interaction; recording, transcription, and analysis of verbal interaction. Prerequisites: ANTH 1004. (Same as LING 3602)   (Fall, even years).

ANTH 3602W. Ethnographic Analysis of Speech. 3 Credits.

Linguistic variation and change in discourse practices; social and political correlates of linguistic interaction; recording, transcription, and analysis of verbal interaction. (Same as LING 3602.)   (Fall, even years).

ANTH 3603. Psycholinguistics. 3 Credits.

Language as species-specific property of the human mind. Psychological processes involved in the encoding and decoding of language; first and second language acquisition and bilingualism. Same as LING 3603.

ANTH 3691. Special Topics in Linguistic Anthropology. 3 Credits.

Topic announced in the Schedule of Classes. May be repeated for credit provided the topic differs. Same as LING 3691. Prerequisite: ANTH 1004 or permission of instructor.

ANTH 3701. Native Peoples - North America. 3 Credits.

Comparative study of Indian groups representative of the different culture areas of the United States and Canada. Contemporary issues involving indigenous groups, the wider society, and the state. Prerequisite: ANTH 1002 or permission of instructor.

ANTH 3702. Anthropology of Latin America. 3 Credits.

Culture history and ways of life in a selected region of Central or South America. Regional focus to be announced in the Schedule of Classes. Prerequisites: ANTH 1002 or ANTH 1002W or ANTH 1004.   (Spring).

ANTH 3703. Cultures of the Pacific. 3 Credits.

Culture history and ways of life among native peoples of Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia. Prerequisites: ANTH 1002 or 1002W or 1004 or 1004W.   (Spring, even years).

ANTH 3704. Cultures of Southeast Asia. 3 Credits.

Introduction to the history, art, ecology, and politics of Southeast Asia. Comparison and interpretation of recent ethnographic case studies, archaeological evidence, and current political events in order to understand the diversity of Southeast Asian traditions. Prerequisite: ANTH 1002 or ANTH 1002W or ANTH 1004. (Summer).

ANTH 3705. Anthropology of East Asia. 3 Credits.

Intensive study of the culture and history of selected peoples of East or Central Asia. Specific area to be announced in the Schedule of Classes. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisites: ANTH 1002 or ANTH 1002W or ANTH 1004 or ANTH 1004W.  (Spring).

ANTH 3707. Anthropology of the Middle East. 3 Credits.

Geographic environment, language, religion, and social structure of settled and nomadic peoples of the Middle East; emphasis on the Arab world. Prerequisites: ANTH 1002 or ANTH 1002W or ANTH 1004 or ANTH 1004W.   (Fall).

ANTH 3708. Anthropology of Africa. 3 Credits.

Comparative examination of the history, cultural development, and contemporary problems of sub-Saharan African cultures. New World African cultures are also considered. Prerequisites: ANTH 1002 or 1002W or 1004 or 1004W.   (Fall).

ANTH 3709. Japanese Culture Through Film. 3 Credits.

Survey of the Japanese cultural heritage presented through films. Topics include literature, philosophy, art, religion, and social history from premodern times to the modern era. Lectures and discussion in English. Same as JAPN 3162.

ANTH 3791. Topics in Regional Anthropology. 3 Credits.

Culture history and ways of life in a selected region of the world. Topic to be announced in the Schedule of Classes. Prerequisites: ANTH 1002 or ANTH 1002W or ANTH 1004.   (Spring, even years).

ANTH 3801. African Roots from Australopithecus to Zimbabwe. 3 Credits.

The development and contributions of Africa from human beginnings through medieval states. Topics include human evolution, origins of art, technology, trade, and animal/plant domestication, rise of African states, early relations with Europe and Asia, antecedents of contemporary African diversity. Prerequisite: ANTH 1003 or permission of instructor.

ANTH 3801W. African Roots from Australopithecus to Zimbabwe. 3 Credits.

The development and contributions of Africa from human beginnings through medieval states. Topics include human evolution, origins of art, technology, trade, animal/plant domestication, rise of African states, early relations with Europe and Asia, antecedents of contemporary African diversity. Prerequisites: ANTH 1003. (Spring, even years).

ANTH 3802. Human Cultural Beginnings. 3 Credits.

Survey of prehistory in Europe, Africa, and Asia from the earliest hominid cultures to the beginnings of agriculture. Prerequisite: ANTH 1003.

ANTH 3802W. Human Cultural Beginnings. 3 Credits.

Survey of prehistory in Europe, Africa, and Asia from the earliest hominid cultures to the beginnings of agriculture. Prerequisite: ANTH 1003.

ANTH 3803. Old World Prehistory: First Farmers to First Cities. 3 Credits.

Archaeology of the Near East, Egypt, Europe, and other areas, from the beginnings of agriculture to the rise of Babylon. Prerequisites: ANTH 1003.   (Fall, odd years).

ANTH 3803W. Old World Prehistory: First Farmers to First Cities. 3 Credits.

Archaeology of the Near East, Egypt, Europe, and other areas, from the beginnings of agriculture to the rise of Babylon. Prerequisites: ANTH 1003. (Fall, odd years).

ANTH 3804. Origins of the State and Urban Society. 3 Credits.

Emergence of urbanism and the state in the prehistory of different world regions. Prerequisite: ANTH 1003.

ANTH 3805. Archaeology of Israel and Neighboring Lands. 3 Credits.

The archaeology of Israel and adjacent areas (Syria, Jordan, Lebanon). Examination of many major sites and monuments. Significant problems and current debates. Same as AH 3106.

ANTH 3806. Art and Archaeology of the Aegean Bronze Age. 3 Credits.

Excavational and multidisciplinary aspects of classical archaeology. Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations (1700–1200 B.C.) Same as AH 3104.

ANTH 3808. Archaeology and the Celts. 3 Credits.

Historical and archaeological study of the Celtic people.

ANTH 3811. Historical Archaeology. 3 Credits.

Survey of the basic data and methods of research in the material culture of recent history. Same as AMST 3811.    (Spring, alternate years).

ANTH 3812. Power and Violence in the New World. 3 Credits.

The use of power, violence, and resistance in New World societies, examined through archaeological, ethnohistoric, and ethnographic data. Specific topic announced in the Schedule of Classes.

ANTH 3813. Archaeology of North America. 3 Credits.

History of American archaeology; survey of North American culture history from human entry into the Americas during the Pleistocene period until the time of the first European contacts. Focus on peoples north of Mexico. Prerequisite: ANTH 1003.

ANTH 3814. Ancient Mexican Civilizations. 3 Credits.

Culture history of pre-Columbian societies in Middle America; the emergence of Mesoamerican civilization from the earliest hunter–gatherers and first farmers to the Aztec Empire. Prerequisite: ANTH 1003.

ANTH 3821. Myths and Mysteries in Archaeology. 3 Credits.

Topics ranging from King Arthur to Atlantis are used to illustrate how archaeological methods and techniques can falsify-or support-exotic beliefs about the past.

ANTH 3822. Archaeology in Film and Television. 3 Credits.

As visual media increase public awareness of archaeology, misrepresentations and distortions abound. This course examines the relationships among archaeology, the media, and popular culture. Issues considered include nationalism, descendant communities, gender, race, and colonialism.

ANTH 3823. Archaeology of Ritual and Religion. 3 Credits.

Archaeological and ethnographic examples from around the world are used to critically evaluate how archaeologists make inferences about ritual practices and the religious lives of past peoples. Issues include the origins of symbolic behavior, sacred landscapes, shamanism, ancestor veneration, and sorcery/witchcraft.

ANTH 3832. Paleoanthropological Field Program. 3-6 Credits.

Field research in paleoanthropology, including excavation methods, identification and analysis of materials, paleoecology, archaeology, and human anatomy. Conducted at selected sites in Eurasia, Africa, or Australia. Visits to comparative sites and collections in the region.

ANTH 3833. Field Research: New World. 1-6 Credits.

Survey, excavation, and/or laboratory analysis at localities in North or South America. See Schedule of Classes for details.

ANTH 3834. Field Research: Old World. 1-6 Credits.

Survey, excavation, and/or laboratory analysis at Neolithic or later localities in Eurasia, Africa, or Oceania. See Schedule of Classes for details.   (Summer).

ANTH 3835. Historical Archaeology Field Program. 3 Credits.

Practical experience with a variety of excavation and laboratory techniques in historical archaeology; specific site and topics announced in the Schedule of Classes. Same as AMST 3835.

ANTH 3838. Theory and Practice in Archaeology. 3 Credits.

The primary literature in archaeology theory since the 1960s. Ethics, topical issues, and archaeological practice. Prerequisite: ANTH 1003.    (Fall).

ANTH 3838W. Theory and Practice in Archaeology. 3 Credits.

The primary literature in archaeology theory since the 1960s. Ethics, topical issues, and archaeological practice. Prerequisite: ANTH 1003.

ANTH 3839. Lab Research Methods in Archaeology. 3 Credits.

Research methods and techniques used by archaeologists. Emphasis on hands-on experience in one or more techniques. Prerequisite: ANTH 1003.    (Spring, alternate years).

ANTH 3891. Special Topics in Archaeology. 3 Credits.

Topic announced in the Schedule of Classes. May be repeated for credit provided the topic differs. Prerequisite: ANTH 1003 or permission of instructor.

ANTH 3991. Special Topics. 0-3 Credits.

Topics announced in the Schedule of Classes. May be repeated for credit provided the topic differs.   (Fall).

ANTH 3991W. Special Topics. 3 Credits.

Topics announced in the Schedule of Classes. May be repeated for credit provided the topic differs.

ANTH 3995. Undergraduate Research. 1-12 Credits.

Individual research problems to be arranged with a member of the faculty. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: permission of instructor.

ANTH 4008. Seminar: Contemporary Anthropological Theory. 3 Credits.

The development of major trends in anthropological theory. How anthropologists from the four fields—sociocultural, linguistic, biological, and archaeology—have deployed and developed the ideas of theorists in their own empiricalresearch and theorizing about specific processes. Prerequisite: ANTH 2008.

ANTH 6101. Proseminar in Biological Anthropology. 3 Credits.

Comprehensive overview of theory and practice in biological anthropology. (Fall).

ANTH 6102. Proseminar in Sociocultural Anthropology. 3 Credits.

Comprehensive overview of theory and practice in sociocultural anthropology. (Fall).

ANTH 6103. Proseminar in Archaeology. 3 Credits.

Survey of the most recent archaeological techniques and theoretical approaches to reconstructing and interpreting the cultures of the past.    (Spring).

ANTH 6104. Proseminar in Linguistic Anthropology. 3 Credits.

Contemporary anthropological studies of language in biological, social, and historical perspectives.    (Spring).

ANTH 6200. Museum Anthropology. 3 Credits.

How anthropological collections take shape in the past and carry meaning in the present. Critical examination of artifacts and forms of documentation. Application of material culture theory to museum records, collected objects, the changing meaning given to objects, and the context of collecting.   (Fall, even years).

ANTH 6201. Methods in Museum Anthropology. 3 Credits.

How anthropological collections take shape in the past and carry meaning in the present. Research and analysis of existing collections; issues in museum anthropology.   (Spring).

ANTH 6202. Museums and the Public: Exhibiting Culture. 3 Credits.

Study of the issues and problems involved in “exhibiting culture,” past and present, including issues of representation, message and interpretation, audience, ownership of objects and symbols, and ways of reconstructing the past. Critical examination of museum exhibits.

ANTH 6203. Preventive Conservation Concepts. 3 Credits.

Historical development of preventive conservation in museums, conservation ethics, team approaches to conservation, interactions of various materials with agents of deterioration. Basics of materials testing, preparation of condition reports, choosing museum storage and exhibition materials, and risk assessment. Same as MSTD 6203/ AH 6286.

ANTH 6204. Preventive Conservation Techniques. 3 Credits.

Practical applications of preventive conservation of materials, monitoring environmental conditions, conducting risk assessments, evaluation of exhibit and storage areas; developing plans, policies, and procedures for collections care; grant proposal preparation for collections care initiatives. Same as MSTD 6204/ AH 6287.

ANTH 6205. Problems in Conservation. 3 Credits.

Individual conservation projects to determine composition, construction, decomposition of materials, and possible stabilization techniques. Conservation laboratory experience. Prerequisite or concurrent registration: ANTH 6203/AH 6286.

ANTH 6230. Internship in Museum Anthropology. 1-6 Credits.

Supervised individual research and/or field work at the Smithsonian Institution or other area museums, arranged in consultation with the museum and the Anthropology Department. Admission by arrangement with the department chair or museum training advisor. May be repeated for credit up to a maximum of 6 credits.

ANTH 6301. The Anthropology of Development. 3 Credits.

Theoretical perspectives that distinguish the contribution of anthropology to understanding processes of change in the Third World. Focus on health, population, environment, gender, and tourism issues. The role of anthropology in planning and implementing projects and policy.    (Fall).

ANTH 6302. Issues in Development. 3 Credits.

Topic to be announced in the Schedule of Classes. May be repeated for credit provided the topic differs.

ANTH 6330. Internship in Development Anthropology. 3 Credits.

Supervised participation in a selected development agency or other relevant organization. Opportunity to observe agency procedures and gain practical experience. Admission by permission of instructor or department chair.

ANTH 6331. Research Methods in Development Anthropology. 3 Credits.

Anthropologists’ roles in research-related activities, such as feasibility studies, social soundness analysis, and evaluations. Innovative research techniques, such as interactive data gathering, team survey methods, and rapid rural appraisal. Admission by permission of instructor.

ANTH 6391. Anthropology and Contemporary Problems. 3 Credits.

Exploration of anthropological perspectives on a current issue, such as refugees, ethnic violence, national mythologies, and women’s health in developing countries. Topic announced in the Schedule of Classes. May be repeated for credit provided the topic differs.

ANTH 6401. Human Functional Anatomy. 3 Credits.

Growth and function of the musculoskeletal system, including the development, anatomy, and histology of bone, biomechanics of muscle and skeletal tissue, craniofacial and dental growth and morphology, and locomotion. No prior knowledge of anatomy required. Laboratory fee.    (Fall).

ANTH 6404. The Evolution of Primate Life Histories. 3 Credits.

Recent developments in the study of human and non-human life histories. Life history theory. Life history traits compared among primate groups in order to determine how selective pressures have shaped extant primate life history patterns. Laboratory fee.

ANTH 6405. Human Growth and Development. 3 Credits.

Modern human growth and development considered through an evolutionary perspective. The growth stages and life cycles of modern humans, emphasizing physiological and environmental influences and comparisons with extant non-human primates and fossil hominids. Laboratory fee.    (Spring, alternate years).

ANTH 6406. Human Genetic Variation. 3 Credits.

The genetic variation in human populations as a framework for measurement and analysis of genetic diversity and evolutionary process. Consideration of the possible roles of cultural change leading to adaptive/selective events. Same as FORS 6246.

ANTH 6412. Paleoanthropology. 1-3 Credits.

Survey of current research in hominid and hominoid evolution, focusing on the integrated nature of the field. Contributions from the geological and biological sciences will be stressed, together with innovative geochemical techniques for establishing chronological sequences. Prerequisite: ANTH 3412 or BISC 2450 .

ANTH 6413. Analytical Methods in Human Evolutionary Studies. 3 Credits.

A survey of methods and approaches for data collection and analysis in human evolutionary biology research. Topics include comparative methods and basic and multivariate statistics.    (Spring, alternate years).

ANTH 6491. Topics in Biological Anthropology. 3 Credits.

Topic announced in the Schedule of Classes. Instructors will be drawn from GW faculty and Smithsonian Institution staff. May be repeated for credit if topic varies.

ANTH 6501. Gender and Sexuality. 3 Credits.

Study of new theoretical and methodological approaches developed in the anthropology of gender. Topics include postcolonialism, sexuality, and literary representations of gender. Same as WSTU 6257.

ANTH 6505. Medical Anthropology. 3 Credits.

Concepts and theories in contemporary medical anthropology, including “critical” versus “conventional” medical anthropology, changes in approaches since the mid-twentieth century; structural and cultural construction of illness and suffering; ethnographic and epidemiological perspectives.

ANTH 6506. Topics in Medical Anthropology. 3 Credits.

Topic announced in the Schedule of Classes. May be repeated for credit if the topic varies.

ANTH 6507. Nationalism and Ethnicity. 3 Credits.

Major theoretical and ethnographic issues in the study of nationalism worldwide. Explores how ethnic groups emerge in colonial and contemporary plural societies and how states attempt to integrate ethnic groups into nations.

ANTH 6508. Ethics and Cultural Property. 3 Credits.

Survey of ethical issues in anthropology, focusing on cultural property and repatriation; the epistemological, ethical, and political dilemmas of excavating, collecting, and owning cultural artifacts.

ANTH 6509. Anthropology of Art, Aesthetics, and Symbolism. 3 Credits.

Anthropological approaches to aesthetic problems and theories of symbolism in the context of ethnographic materials.    (Fall, alternate years).

ANTH 6531. Methods in Sociocultural Anthropology. 3 Credits.

Epistemology; the definition of research problems; selection of research subjects and sites; techniques of data collection (e.g., surveys, interviews); data management and organization; ethical protocols; issues of safety; grant writing and funding.

ANTH 6561. American Folklife. 3 Credits.

The materials of American folk culture, concentrating on folk architecture, crafts, and art. Major organizing themes are regionalism and the use of objects as indicators of cultural intention. Same as AMST 6561.

ANTH 6562. Folklore Theory. 3 Credits.

An intellectual history of American folklore research; analysis of particular theories and methods. Same as AMST 6562.

ANTH 6591. Topics in Sociocultural Anthropology. 3 Credits.

Topic announced in the Schedule of Classes. May be repeated for credit if the topic varies.

ANTH 6691. Topics in Linguistic Anthropology. 3 Credits.

Topic announced in the Schedule of Classes. May be repeated for credit if the topic varies.

ANTH 6702. Issues in Latin American Anthropology. 3 Credits.

Intensive study of a selected topic in the anthropology of Central and/or South America. Topic to be announced.

ANTH 6707. Issues in Middle East Anthropology. 3 Credits.

Selected topics in the anthropology of the Middle East. Topic to be announced in the Schedule of Classes. May be repeated for credit provided the topic differs.

ANTH 6801. Paleolithic Archaeology. 3 Credits.

Current problems relating to materials from the Old World.

ANTH 6802. Problems in Eurasian and African Archaeology. 3 Credits.

Topic announced in the Schedule of Classes. Topics may include Bronze Age conflict, the Celts, etc. May be repeated for credit.

ANTH 6803. Problems in New World Archaeology. 3 Credits.

Current archaeological problems relating to the origin and development of aboriginal cultures. Specific topic to be announced in the Schedule of Classes. May be repeated for credit.

ANTH 6804. Problems in Mesoamerican Archaeology. 3 Credits.

Topics range from specific civilizations, such as the Olmec, to pan-Mesoamerican topics, such as religion and exchange. May be repeated for credit.

ANTH 6806. Technology. 3 Credits.

Cross-cultural examination of the form, function, meaning, and use of material culture (such as ceramics or stone tools) and the behavior patterns involved in its production.Topic announced in the Schedule of Classes.   (Spring, odd years).

ANTH 6807. Public Archaeology. 3 Credits.

The use and creation of the past and the relationship between archaeologists and different publics.    (Spring, alternate years).

ANTH 6832. Paleoanthropological Field Program. 3-6 Credits.

Intensive course on field research in paleoanthropology, including excavation methods, identification and analysis of materials, paleoecology, archaeology, and human anatomy. Conducted at selected sites in Eurasia, Africa, or Australia. Visits to comparative sites and collections in the region.    (Summer).

ANTH 6835. Historical Archaeology Field Program. 3-6 Credits.

Practical experience with a variety of excavation and laboratory techniques in historical archaeology; specific site and topics announced in the Schedule of Classes. Same as AMST 6835.

ANTH 6838. Archaeological Theory. 3 Credits.

Overview of major theories and positions in American archaeology; examination of new issues and directions in which the field appears to be moving.

ANTH 6839. Lab Research Methods in Archaeology. 3,4 Credits.

Research methods and techniques used by archaeologists. Emphasis on hands-on experience in one or more techniques. Laboratory fee.    (Spring, alternate years).

ANTH 6891. Topics in Archaeology. 3 Credits.

Major issues related to the theory and practice of archaeology. Topic announced in the Schedule of Classes.

ANTH 6995. Research. 1-12 Credits.

May be repeated for credit.

ANTH 6998. Thesis Research. 3 Credits.

ANTH 6999. Thesis Research. 3 Credits.

ANTH 8998. Advanced Reading & Research. 1-12 Credits.

Limited to students preparing for the Doctor of Philosophy general examination. May be repeated for credit.

ANTH 8999. Dissertation Research. 1-12 Credits.

Limited to Doctor of Philosophy candidates. May be repeated for credit.