The purposes of the CPR block are to facilitate the development of competence in the basic and clinical sciences, incorporating systems-, population-, and profession-based principles, with respect to cardiovascular, pulmonary, and renal organ systems and their interdependence; and, to serve as a prerequisite for the continuous application of these competencies in subsequent pre-clinical and clinical blocks in the medical curriculum.
1. Illustrate the normal processes of rhythm generation in the heart, and the underlying causes, consequences, and treatment of clinical rhythm disturbances. 2. Demonstrate the mechanisms by which diseases affect the gas delivery and/or gas exchange functions of the respiratory system, with particular regard to the cellular structures, pathophysiology, clinical evaluation and therapeutic paradigms. 3. Illustrate how organ-specific and systemic processes regulating water/electrolyte homeostasis and vascular tone can alter blood pressure and perfusion to the heart, lungs, and kidneys and the pharmacologic principles underlying management of related abnormalities. 4. Describe responses to injury and inflammation (including regeneration and remodeling) in the cardiovascular, respiratory, and renal systems, and the appropriate use of therapeutics to treat common disorders. 5. Apply pathophysiology principles to the appropriate use of directed therapies for common infectious disorders of the cardiovascular, pulmonary, and renal systems. 6. Demonstrate understanding of the mechanisms and anatomic consequences of normal organ system development to the etiologies, long-term sequelae, pathophysiology, and treatments for disorders of development/tissue growth in the cardiovascular, respiratory, and renal systems. 7. Illustrate the molecular, biochemical and cellular mechanisms that enable the cardiovascular, pulmonary, and renal systems to collectively maintain organismal homeostasis. 8. Illustrate the utility and limitations of diagnostic methods in the evaluation of cardiovascular, pulmonary, and renal disease. 9. Demonstrate competence in the gathering and analysis of clinical data for common cardiovascular, respiratory, and renal disease presentations. 10. Discuss individual and population-based effects of behavior, development, psychosocial and socioeconomic factors on health, disease incidence, prevalence, and therapy efficacy as they relate to the cardiovascular, respiratory, and renal systems. 11. Demonstrate thoughtful use of peer-reviewed resources and evidence-based recommendations in discussions of cardiovascular, pulmonary, and renal disease pathophysiology and treatment. 12. Recognize personal/professional boundaries and limitations, and the consequences of the failure to do so.