1. Strengthen skills in the construction of knowledge (by interpreting, evaluating, analyzing or synthesizing information).
2. Focus on argument and critical thinking (conflict, thesis, kinds of evidence and relevance, logical reasoning, choices in structure).
3. Explore the writing process and its stages: (a) planning stage -- search for ideas, decisions in writing (audience, voice, thesis, outlines); (b) writing stage -- organizing, selecting patterns of exposition, paragraphing, summarizing, synthesis, professional and scholarly language, and (c) the revising stage -- concluding, revision, unity and coherence, style, mechanics, and the finished paper.
4. Plan and develop the following written products in several genres, from outline to completion: (a) reflection on personal writing strengths and needs, (b) a short persuasive paper conducted in a collaborative team process; (c) a funding proposal concept paper; and (d) a literature synthesis paper or a topical paper for submission for publication.
5. Enrich skills in the technical and stylistic aspects of professional writing, including editing and use of APA guidelines, use of electronic resources, the ‘fair use’ provision in analyzing copyright issues in on-line research and writing, avoidance of plagiarism, proper use of original versus secondary references, referencing within the body of the paper, development of an accurate reference list, and other important elements of APA style (Fallahi, Wood, Fallahi, & Austad, 2006).
6. Explore ethics in writing and research, rationale and techniques for integrating research and others’ work into your papers.
7. Analyze and critique one's own strengths and weaknesses in written communication, motivation and 'writing self-concept', and patterns of resistance and anxiety that create blocks to well-ordered thinking and writing.
8. As ‘critical friends’, analyze and critique the work of fellow students in a structured and professional manner, and critique published works.
9. Understand ethical issues in writing and how to avoid ethical lapses.