Causes, conduct, and consequences of conflict from the American Civil War through the Austro- and Franco-Prussian Wars, Spanish-American War, Sino- and Russo-Japanese Wars, World Wars I and II (including a “virtual staff ride” of the Normandy Campaign), Korea, Vietnam, and modern "small wars".
By the end of the semester, each student should be able to: • Outline the historical facts (chronology, geography, peoples and leaders involved) concerning the major wars from the mid-nineteenth century to the present; • Identify, analyze, and evaluate the major causes of conflict in western society since the mid-nineteenth century; • Identify and evaluate the factors, such as leadership, technology, industrial capacity, the human factor (individual skill, morale, etc.), strategy, tactics, environment (demography, geography, etc.), and the military system (logistics, training, etc.) that play a major role in determining the outcome of each of those conflicts; • Explain and evaluate the theories of the classical strategists (particularly Clausewitz and Jomini) and construct an argument to persuade others about the validity or invalidity of the proposition that warfare is susceptible to "scientific" analysis and reduction to a group of universal principles that govern warfare; • Understand the proper method for employing and citing (specifically including reliance on footnote-bibliography system of the 16th edition of the Chicago Manual of Style) sources in formal historical writing; and • Research, organize, and write historical papers more clearly and effectively.