Epidemiologic research designs; methods for the study of environmental and occupational health problems; exposure assessment methods; design aspects of cross-sectional, case-control, cohort, and case cross-over studies; sources and evaluation of biases and confounding; survey and questionnaire design.
• Critically assess existing epidemiologic research
Students will: describe study goals; summarize study design, methods, and results; identify biases and evaluate whether biases seriously affect study validity; and consider whether results might be used for prevention.
• Design appropriate studies for investigating various EOH problems
Given a problem, students will: identify an appropriate study design for investigating the problem; choose appropriate study populations; identify relevant epidemiologic exposure assessment methods; design data collection instruments; describe logistical considerations for data collection and data management.
• Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of epidemiologic exposure assessments
Students will describe various approaches for determining environmental and occupational exposures in epidemiologic studies, and will evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of these approaches.
• Interpret data
Students will employ design principles to interpret epidemiologic data. They will identify possible sources of selection, information, and confounding bias, and evaluate the impacts of these biases on study validity. Given a data table or a chart, students will be able to precisely describe what the data show.
• Conceptualize research questions and data analysis to address study goals
Students will conceptualize research questions and suggest formats for tabular and graphical presentation of data.
• Identify appropriate resources and databases to plan and conduct studies
Students will describe the utility of vital statistics, census, environmental monitoring, disease registry, health care, and employer-based data sources, as well as existing survey data, for assessing environmental and occupational health risks.
• Describe epidemiologic research orally and in writing
Students will communicate clearly in professional and community settings about epidemiologic research in environmental and occupational health, including public health significance, study methods, study results, and study interpretation.